Timeline: Black Church History In North Texas, 1847-1969
While not a comprehensive history of the rise of Black churches in North Texas, this timeline offers an overview showing African American arrival, congregation establishment and growth across the Dallas-Fort Worth area. Scroll starting in 1847.
This timeline was inspired by the PBS documentary The Black Church: This Is My Story, This Is My Song
. Visit kera.org/blackchurch
for more features, like memories, music, discussion guides, stories and more from across North Texas.
Enslaved African Americans are brought to Dallas
Settler William Brown Miller brought enslaved African Americans to Dallas. People enslaved by the Miller family lived in this log cabin
. It’s been preserved and is on display at Dallas Heritage Village.
County Line Baptist Church is founded in Denton County
Former slaves formed the County Line Baptist Church
(also known as The Colored Missionary Baptist Church) between Cooke and Denton counties in 1863, meeting in a brush arbor. A freed slave who had moved from Chambers County, Alabama, Lewis Whitlow, led the efforts to construct the first building in 1874. The congregation relocated to Pilot Point in 1882. County Line also served as school, teaching former slaves how to read and write.
Mt. Pisgah Missionary Baptist Church is formed in Dallas
Black missionaries and a white minister met under a large elm tree
in what is now Far North Dallas to form Mt. Pisgah Missionary Baptist Church. Many of the Black founders were enslaved. The current church is located in Northwest Dallas.
Bethlehem Baptist Church is founded in Mansfield
CREDIT: Bethlehem Baptist Church
Rev. Green Medlin founded and organized the Bethlehem Baptist Church
in Mansfield in 1870. The congregation met in various homes and a brush arbor before meeting in an old school house. Their first building and a parsonage were erected in 1896. The current building is located on Broad Street west of U.S. Highway 287.
St. John’s Baptist Church is founded
CREDIT: Courtesy of Denton Record Chronicle
A group that moved from Denton County from Chambers County, Alabama, founded the St. John’s Baptist Church
in the late 1800s. The church disbanded in the 1930s but the church cemetery stands as a reminder of the church. Denton County mantains the cemetery.
Paul Quinn College is founded in Austin
CREDIT: Paul Quinn College archives
Paul Quinn College was founded on April 4, 1872, by a group of African Methodist Episcopal Church preachers in Austin. The school’s original purpose was to educate freed slaves and their children. The college
moved to southeast Dallas in 1990. (Read more about this HBCU on KERA News
New Hope Baptist Church is founded in Dallas
During the Reconstruction era, seven African-Americans started one of the oldest churches in Dallas. Throughout its history
the church has been a political and social center in the city, inviting distinguished people such as Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois to speak.
St. Paul United Methodist Church is founded in Dallas
Silver gelatin image of St. Paul ca. 1932-1941 / CREDIT: DeGolyer Library
, Southern Methodist University
Rev. H. Boliver and Rev. William Bush founded
what was then called St. Paul Methodist Episcopalian Church. It was launched in a brush arbor in the Freedman’s Town area of what is now Dallas’ Arts District
Lane Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal in Lewisville is founded
Anthony Hembry introduced the Colored Methodist Episcopal church to Lewisville, forming the Lewisville C.M.E. Church, which later became the “Christian Methodist Episcopal” Church in the 1950s. The church is now called Lane Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal
Saint Mark Missionary Baptist Church in McKinney is founded
CREDIT: Courtesy of Saint Mark Missionary Baptist Church
Mount Olive Baptist Church in Arlington is founded
In July 1897, a Rev. Squires led a group of African American Tarrant County residents to create Mount Olive Baptist Church
on Indiana Street in Arlington. The residents included Charlie Parker, Clint Smith, R.S. Watson, Jim Black and Arthur Hunt. The church today is located near downtown Arlington.
St. Paul United Methodist Church undergoes renovations
Cedar Crest Church of Christ is established in Oak Cliff
The Church of Christ came to
the Dallas neighborhood of Oak Cliff in 1924. Newcomers from East Texas met in the home of Dovie Bagsby. The congregation then later moved to Corinth Street, and moved yet again in 1927 and 1928, to Spark Street (which was later renamed Mitchell Street). The fellowship finally settled in its present-day location on Cedar Crest Boulevard.
St. James AME Church is constructed in Dallas
Photo of St. James ca. 1932-1941 / CREDIT: DeGolyer Library
, Southern Methodist University
The church was designed by noted African-American architect William Sydney Pittman and constructed entirely
by Black contractors, workers and electricians. The building, located in downtown Dallas, still stands today.
St. Luke United Methodist Church is founded
In an effort to bring a Methodist church to East Dallas, ministers at St. Paul’s Methodist Church — the historic church in the former Freedman’s Town area of the Dallas Arts District — launched the St. Paul’s Mission Church
. The name changed to St. Luke UMC in the late 1950s.
First African-American priest from Dallas is ordained
Father Max Murphy, a graduate of St. Peter’s School for African-American students in Dallas, became the first Black priest
to perform a mass in the Dallas diocese. No seminary in the area
would accept him, so he studied in California and Prague, where he was ordained. Not able to serve as a Catholic priest in the U.S. because of his race, he was assigned to Trinidad. He visited Dallas frequently.
Building starts on Dallas’ first mostly-Black Catholic parish
A misson church located in the historic Black neighborhood of Fair Park in South Dallas, St. Anthony
became the Dallas diocese’s first parish with a predominant Black congregation.
Southwestern Christian College is founded in Fort Worth
Southwestern Christian College founder G. P. Bowser / Credit: Southwestern Christian College
Educator and Church of Christ minister G. P. Bowser founded Southern Bible Institute in Fort Worth in 1948. The school later was renamed Southwestern Christian College
and moved to Terrell in East Texas in 1950.
Mount Horum Missionary Baptist Church is founded in Fort Worth
First Black president of Dallas Pastors Association is elected
Rev. Zan Wesley Holmes, pastor of Hamilton Park United Methodist Church
, was elected president of the Dallas Pastors Association. Four years later, Rev. Holmes was elected to the Texas House of Representatives. In 1979, he became pastor of St. Luke “Community” United Methodist Church in Dallas. In 1991, he was appointed
by Gov. Ann Richards to serve as the first African American on the Board of Regeants of the University of Texas System.
In video footage from WBAP-TV on May 27, 1964, reporter Bob Welch interviews Rev. Zan W. Holmes, Jr., after Holmes became the first Black president of the Dallas Pastors Association. (The sound kicks in at the :37 second mark.)
Welch asks, “Do you feel it’s a hard pill for people to swallow, accepting color in the churches?” Holmes replied, “No, I do not. … On the other hand, I imagine there will always be those people for whom this will be a strong pill.”
Rev. Peter Johnson / Credit: Courtney Collins / KERA